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The Creed of Imam Malik Ibn Anas (Rahimahullah) (1) April 29, 2006

Posted by muslimminds in Aqeedah, Lives of the Salaf.
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This will be the first post in the series where I shall discuss the creed of the Four Imams, namely: Imam Abu Hanifa, Imam Malik, Imam Shafi’ee, and Imam Ahmad. Insha-Allah, this series of posts will benefit the readers and give them a good understanding at the Aqeedah of the Four Imams. My goal is to show that all four have hade the same creed except in one case, that is regarding Eemaan about which Imam Abu Hanifa had a different position.

Statements of Imam Malik concerning Tawheed:
1.
It is related by Al-Harawee from Ash-Shafi’ee, that he said, ‘Malik was asked about theological rhetoric and tawheed. He replied:

It is inconceivable to suggest that the Prophet (PBUH) taught his Ummah
about the manners of cleansing themselves after using the bathroom, yet he
did not teach them Tawheed. Tawheed is what the Prophet (PBUH) spoke of:

“I have been commanded to fight the people until they say: There is no diety worthy of worship besides Allah…” [i]

2. Ad-Daraqutnee (d. 385H) – may Allah have Mercy on him- relates from Waleed Ibn Muslim who said, “I asked Malik, ath-Thawree, al-Awzaa’ee, and al-Layth Ibn Sa’d about the narrations concerning the Attributes (Sifat of Allah-SWT). They all said:

‘Pass them on (as) they have come.’” [ii]

3. Ibn `Abdil-Barr said, “Malik was asked (by some people), ‘Will Allah be seen on the Day of Judgement?’ So he said, ‘Yes, Allah says,

– وُجُوهٌ يَوْمَئِذٍ نَاضِرَةٌ –
And some faces shall be shining and radiant upon that day, looking at their Lord. (Suratul Munafiqun, 75: 22)

And He (SWT) said about another people,

– كَلا إِنَّهُمْ عَنْ رَبِّهِمْ يَوْمَئِذٍ لَمَحْجُوبُونَ –
No! Verily they shall be veiled from their Lord upon that day. (Suratul Mutaffifeen 83: 15)’”

He was further asked, ‘ will they be looking towards Allah?’ He said, ‘Yes, with their own two eyes.’ So one of the people present said to him, ‘There are some people who say that Allah can not be looked at, and that ‘to look at Him’ really means: looking forward to the reward.’ He said, ‘They have lied, rather Allah will be seen. Have you not heard the statement of Musa (AS),

-قَالَ رَبِّ أَرِنِي أَنْظُرْ –

“Lord, I wish to look at You.” (Suratul A’raaf 7:143)

So do you hold that Musa would ask his Lord for something impossible? Allah said,

– قَالَ لَنْ تَرَانِي –
“You will not (be able to) see Me.” (Suratul A’raaf 7:143)

This refers to this worldly life, because it will come to an end, and things that come to an end shall not see something that does not come to an end. However, when they reach place of unending life, they will look using what is unending (their eyesight) at what is eternal (Allah). And Allah said,

– كَلا إِنَّهُمْ عَنْ رَبِّهِمْ يَوْمَئِذٍ لَمَحْجُوبُونَ –
“No! Verily they will be veiled from their Lord upon that day.” (Suratul Mutaffifeen 83: 15)’” [iii]

Refernces:


[i] Related by Al-Bukharee and Muslim in their Saheehayn.

[ii] This narration is related by Ad-Daraqutnee in as-Sifaat (p. 75)

[iii] al-intiqaa’ (p. 36)

– I admire the Piour but I'm not one of them

Comments»

1. REAZ - October 4, 2006

Assalam,
I would like to have more info concerning about mallik concerning the matter of seeing ALLAAH on the day of judgement.With more evidence and logical sense.THANH YOU
WASSALAM.

2. Abu Dinayn - December 15, 2006

Assalaamu alaykum wrwb

From Abdullah bin Wahb who said: Imam Malik (rh) said:

“The people will look at Allah (swt) on Yawm Al-Qiyamah with their eyes”

The chain goes: Abu Bakr bin Abi Daud As-Sijistani narrated to us; (he said) Ahmad bin Soleh narrated to us; Abdullah bin Wahb narrated to us who said Malik said so.

حدثنا أبو بكر بن أبي داود قال:حدثنا أحمد بن صالح قال: حدثنا عبد الله بن وهب قال: قال مالك : الناس ينظرون الى الله عز وجل يوم القيامة بأعينهم

الشريعة للإمام الأجرّي ص228

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