The Creed of Imam Malik Ibn Anas (Rahimahullah) (2) May 3, 2006Posted by muslimminds in Aqeedah, Lives of the Salaf.
Insha-Allah, this will be the second post in the series of Aqeedah of the Four Imams. I hope you benefited from the first one.
Statements of Imam Malik concerning Tawheed:
4. Aboo Nu'aym relates from Ja'far Ibn 'Abdullah who said, "We were with Malik Ibn Anas when a man came and said, 'O Abaa `Abdulllah,
الرَّحْمَنُ عَلَى الْعَرْشِ اسْتَوَى
"The Most Merciful has ascended above His Throne" (Surah Taa Haa 20:5)
How did He ascend?'
So anger overcame Malik like none had ever seen from him. He looked down at the ground and scratched it with a piece of wood he was holding until he began to sweat profusely. Then he raised his head and tossed the wood aside, and said, 'The specific details are incomprehensible, however ascending is something that is not unknown, having faith in it is obligatory, and questioning about it is an innovation. And I believe that you are a person of innovation.' He then ordered him out, and he was removed.I
5. Again Aboo Nu'aym relates from Yahya Ibnur-Rabee' who said, 'I was with malik Ibn Anas when a man came to him and said, 'O Abaa `Abdullah, what is your position on someone who says the Qur'an is created?'
Malik replied, '(This questioner is) a heretic (zindeeq)II, so kill him.'III
Then he said, 'O Abaa `Abdullah, I have only mentioned something that I heard (from others).'
He (Malik) said, 'You are the first person I ever heard this from.' Then he explained the gravity of the statement."IV
6. And it is related by Ibn `Abdil-barr from `Abdullah Ibn Naafi' who said, "Malik Ibn Anas used to say, ' Whoever says that the Qur'an is created, he is to be beaten severly and jailed until he repents'." V
7. It is related by Aboo Dawood from Abdullah Ibn Naafi' who said, "Malik said, 'Allah is above the sky and His Knowledge is everywhere'."VI
[I] Related in al-Hilyah (6/325-326), and it is also related by as-Saboonee in `Aqeedatus-Salaf wa As-haabil Hadeeth (p, 17-18) by way of (chain of narration) Ja'far Ibn 'Abdullah from Malik.
[II] az-Zindeeq: It is a word that came into Arabic from Persian, it was first used by the Muslims to refer to those who believe in two origins: light and darkness, like the Manawiyyah and others. Then its meaning according to their usage evolved to include those who believe in reincarnation, atheists, and anyone else who had misguided beliefs. Then it began to be applied to doubt and anyone who deviated from the rulings of the Religion in beliefs or actions. Refer to al-Mawsoo'atul Muyassarah (1/929), and Tareekhul-Ilhad (p. 14-32) of `Abdur Rahman Badawee.
[III] Here Imam Malik is ordering to carry out Islamic punishments for blasphemy, apostasy, and the likes that is only done in a land ruled by Islam, by the Imaam of the Muslims or one of his official representative.
[IV] Related in al-Hilyah (6/325). The proper understanding regarding this is that the Qur'an is the Speech of Allah and thus not Created. Allah (SWT) spoke before the creation of Man and it is an Attribute of Him like many others.
[V] Al-Intiqaa' (p. 35). Note: Islamic punishments are to be applied in the lands under Muslim rule by the appropriate authorities only.
[VI] Related by Abood Dawood in Masa'ilul-Imaam Ahmad (p. 263).
– I admire the Pious but I'm not one of them