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Total Number of the Names & Attributes of Allah (SWT) May 27, 2006

Posted by muslimminds in Aqeedah.
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Many of the Muslims think that Allah (SWT) has 99 Names & Attributes; which is a limited number. They don't even bother to ask themselves, how could Allah (SWT) be limited to something? If He is the Creator and Owner or all the things, how could He be limited to having 99 names only? Insha-Allah, in this post, I'll try to give some evidences behind the point that Allah (SWT) is not limited to 99 Names and Attributes.

There are numerous authentic narrations from the Prophet (PBUH) regarding the Names and Attributes of Allah (SWT). There is a hadeeth that can be found in both Sahih Muslim and Sahih Al-Bukhari in which Prophet (PBUH) states, "Allaah has ninety-nine names, one hundred less one. Whoever learns them will enter Paradise". This hadeeth was narrated by Abu Hurayra (RA).

However, there is a consensus among the Scholars of Ahlus-Sunnah Wal-Jam'ah that Allah's (SWT) Names and Attributes are not limited to the number 99. The evidence they use is the following:

Narrated by Ahmad (3704) from ‘Abd-Allaah ibn Mas’ood who said: The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “There is no-one who is afflicted by distress and grief, and says: ‘Allaahumma inni ‘abduka ibn ‘abdika ibn amatija naasyati bi yadika, maada fiyya hukmuka, ‘adlun fiyya qadaa’uka. As’aluka bi kulli ismin huwa laka sammayta bihi nafsaka aw anzaltahu fi kitaabika aw ‘allamtahu ahadan min khalqika aw ista’tharta bihi fi ‘ilm il-ghayb ‘indaka an taj’al al-Qur’aana rabee’ qalbi wa noor sadri wa jalaa’ huzni wa dhihaab hammi (O Allaah, I am Your slave, son of Your slave, son of Your maidservant; my forelock is in Your hand, Your command over me is forever executed and Your decree over me is just. I ask You by every name belonging to You which You have named Yourself with, or revealed in Your Book, or You taught to any of Your creation, or You have preserved in the knowledge of the Unseen with You, that You make the Qur’aan the life of my heart and the light of my breast, and a departure for my sorrow and a release for my anxiety),’ but Allaah will take away his distress and grief, and replace it with joy.” He was asked: “O Messenger of Allaah, should we learn this?” He said: “Of course; everyone who hears it should learn it.”

This hadeeth has been classed as Sahih by Shaykh Nasiruddin al-Albaani in al-Silsilah al-Saheehah, 199.

The phrase “or You have preserved in the knowledge of the Unseen with You” indicates that there are beautiful names of Allaah that He has kept with Him in the knowledge of the Unseen, and which none of His creation has come to know. This indicates that there are more than ninety-nine Names.

Shaykh al-Islam [Ibn Taymiyah] said concerning this hadeeth in Majmoo’ al-Fataawa (6/374):

"This indicates that Allaah has more than ninety-nine names".

I hope this post was beneficial to the reader(s). May Allah (SWT) bless us with the correct understanding of His Deen.

– I admire the Pious but I'm not one of them.

Comments»

1. drhaisook - May 29, 2006

Nice post, bro.

I’ve written an article on ‘the Real muslims versus the Islamofascists or muslim terrorists’. I’ve been receiving a lot of attacks and negative comments from anti-islamic parties, so I hope you join me in that discussion.

http://drhaisook.wordpress.com/2006/02/03/real-muslims-vs-islamofascists/

Thanks.

2. danishhasan - July 19, 2006

The hadith about the Ninety-Name Names of Allah.

The following is the sahih hadith of al- Bukhari, Muslim, al-Tirmidhi, Ibn Majah and Ibn ‘Asakir: “Verily, Allah has Ninety-Nine Names
which if a person safeguards them, he will enter the Garden.” In some narrations of this hadith found in al-Tirmidhi, Ibn Majah, al-Hakim and others, the names are listed at the end; however, at least three different listings are given, e.g. one list being, “He is Allah, besides whom there is no other deity, the Merciful, the Compassionate, …, the Forbearing” while another is “Allah, the Unique, the Absolute, …, the One who has nothing like unto Him.” It is agreed that these latter narrations are da’if, and this is why al-Bukhari and Muslim did not include them in their Sahihs. Al-Tirmidhi says in his Sunan, “This (version of the) hadith is gharib; it has been narrated from various routes on the authority of Abu Hurairah, but we do not know of the mention of the Names in the numerous narrations, except this one.” Ibn Taimiyyah says, “Al-Walid (one of the narrators of the hadith) related the Names from (the saying of) one of his Syrian teachers … specific mention of the Names is not from the words of the Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace), by the agreement of those familiar with Hadith.”87 Ibn Kathir says in his Tafsir, under verse 180 of Surah al- A’raf, that these narrations are mudraj. Ibn Hajar takes a similar view in his commentary on Sahih al-Bukhari. Various scholars have given different lists of 99 Names from their study of the Qur’an and Sunnah, including Ja’far al- Sadiq, Sufyan b. ‘Uyainah, Ibn Hazm, al-Qurtubi, Ibn Hajar and Salih b. ‘Uthaimin.

Fromt he appendix of Shaykh Suhaib Hasan’s Brief Introduction to Mustalah Al Hadeeth

3. Bint Amina - October 22, 2007

There’s also an explanation concerning this matter in the [translator’s] introduction of Nasir As-Sa’di’s “An Explanation to the Beautiful & Perfect Names of Allah” which gives similar proof as to why the number of the names aren’t limited to 99.

Additionally though, it states:

“As for the hadeeth which mentions 99 names, its meaning is that whosoever memorizes, understands and implements in his daily life, this number of names will enter Paradise”

Wa Salamu Alaikum Wa Rahmatullahi Wa Barakatu


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