Total Number of the Names & Attributes of Allah (SWT) May 27, 2006Posted by muslimminds in Aqeedah.
Many of the Muslims think that Allah (SWT) has 99 Names & Attributes; which is a limited number. They don't even bother to ask themselves, how could Allah (SWT) be limited to something? If He is the Creator and Owner or all the things, how could He be limited to having 99 names only? Insha-Allah, in this post, I'll try to give some evidences behind the point that Allah (SWT) is not limited to 99 Names and Attributes.
There are numerous authentic narrations from the Prophet (PBUH) regarding the Names and Attributes of Allah (SWT). There is a hadeeth that can be found in both Sahih Muslim and Sahih Al-Bukhari in which Prophet (PBUH) states, "Allaah has ninety-nine names, one hundred less one. Whoever learns them will enter Paradise". This hadeeth was narrated by Abu Hurayra (RA).
However, there is a consensus among the Scholars of Ahlus-Sunnah Wal-Jam'ah that Allah's (SWT) Names and Attributes are not limited to the number 99. The evidence they use is the following:
Narrated by Ahmad (3704) from ‘Abd-Allaah ibn Mas’ood who said: The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “There is no-one who is afflicted by distress and grief, and says: ‘Allaahumma inni ‘abduka ibn ‘abdika ibn amatija naasyati bi yadika, maada fiyya hukmuka, ‘adlun fiyya qadaa’uka. As’aluka bi kulli ismin huwa laka sammayta bihi nafsaka aw anzaltahu fi kitaabika aw ‘allamtahu ahadan min khalqika aw ista’tharta bihi fi ‘ilm il-ghayb ‘indaka an taj’al al-Qur’aana rabee’ qalbi wa noor sadri wa jalaa’ huzni wa dhihaab hammi (O Allaah, I am Your slave, son of Your slave, son of Your maidservant; my forelock is in Your hand, Your command over me is forever executed and Your decree over me is just. I ask You by every name belonging to You which You have named Yourself with, or revealed in Your Book, or You taught to any of Your creation, or You have preserved in the knowledge of the Unseen with You, that You make the Qur’aan the life of my heart and the light of my breast, and a departure for my sorrow and a release for my anxiety),’ but Allaah will take away his distress and grief, and replace it with joy.” He was asked: “O Messenger of Allaah, should we learn this?” He said: “Of course; everyone who hears it should learn it.”
This hadeeth has been classed as Sahih by Shaykh Nasiruddin al-Albaani in al-Silsilah al-Saheehah, 199.
The phrase “or You have preserved in the knowledge of the Unseen with You” indicates that there are beautiful names of Allaah that He has kept with Him in the knowledge of the Unseen, and which none of His creation has come to know. This indicates that there are more than ninety-nine Names.
Shaykh al-Islam [Ibn Taymiyah] said concerning this hadeeth in Majmoo’ al-Fataawa (6/374):
"This indicates that Allaah has more than ninety-nine names".
I hope this post was beneficial to the reader(s). May Allah (SWT) bless us with the correct understanding of His Deen.
– I admire the Pious but I'm not one of them.